Frequently Asked Questions
1. When were SpreadRock and SpreadStone developed?
2. What is the difference between SpreadRock and SpreadStone?
3. Aren't they kind of expensive?
4. What are they made from?
5. How long will they last?
6. Are they easy to use?
7. Should I avoid using salt to remove ice?
8. Can I coat my driveway with DAICH floor coatings?
9. Why are they superior to concrete?
10. Do they cover hairline cracks?
11. Do SpreadRock and SpreadStone add slip-resistance?
12. Where can SpreadRock and SpreadStone be used?
13. What EXTERIOR surfaces can they be applied to?
14. What INTERIOR surfaces can they be applied to?
15. What exterior application surfaces should I avoid?
16. How long do they take to apply?
17. What's the most important installation rule?
18. What should I do before I start?
19. How are they applied?
20. How much area will one gallon cover?
21. How much area will the Primer and Sealers cover?
22. When doing patterns, do SpreadRock and SpreadStone have to be wet
when the DAICH stencil tape is peeled up?
23. Can I fill deep holes and surface pitting?
24. How do I clean my DAICH textured finish?
25. Can the Primer be tinted?
26. Should I stir the coatings before use?
27. Can DAICH Sealer products go on other surfaces?
28. Is curing time always 24 hours?
29. How are DAICH Sealer and High-Build Clear different?
Q - When were SpreadRock and SpreadStone developed?
SpreadRock and SpreadStone were first developed in 1995.
Q - What is the difference between SpreadRock and SpreadStone?
SpreadRock comes in 5 different colors pre-mixed and has a speckly look similar to that of granite. SpreadStone is tinted in the same manner that paint is tinted. With SpreadStone, you can get the look of tile, flagstone, slate, or just about anything you like. It can be done with a rough or a smooth surface, whichever you prefer. SpreadRock must be applied by a trowel where SpreadStone can be applied with a roller or a trowel. Both products are very, very easy to use (much easier than you might think!) and are equally as durable as one another.
Q - Aren't they kind of expensive?
Since SpreadRock and SpeadStone gallons are offered in paint cans, people sometimes compare them with the cost of paint. In truth, DAICH decorative floor coatings can more reliably be compared with heavy duty flooring materials such as tile, vinyl, etc. In turn, at an average cost per square foot ranging between $1.20 and $1.70, they are actually very economical.
Q - What are they made from?
SpreadRock and SpreadStone are specialized blends of granular and pulverized stone in a modified acrylic base.
Q - How long will they last?
Both coatings are permanent finishes provided that application surfaces are properly cleaned and prepared and are maintained afterward, meaning outdoor applications should be re-sealed periodically (every one or two years).
Q - Are they easy to use?
Yes. Both products are water-based, pre-mixed coatings which do not require complicated measuring and mixing of ingredients. You simply pop the lid, stir the contents and apply as required.
Q - Should I avoid using salt to remove ice?
Unlike concrete and cement-based surface coatings, SpreadRock and SpreadStone are formulated for high resistance to salt damage. Salt as desired and rinse away salt residues in spring.
Q - Can I coat my driveway with DAICH floor coatings?
Yes, as long as it is a cement driveway. Asphalt is not suitable due to its spongy nature. Both are regularly used on cement garage floors and driveways.
Q - Why are they superior to concrete?
Both coatings are specialized blends of stone and high performance polymers. As a result, they don't experience the usual problems inherent with concrete and concrete-based coatings. These may include cracking, salt damage and water intrusion.
Q - Do they cover hairline cracks?
Yes. Both products effectively cover hairline cracks. Provided that the floor surface is no longer moving, cracks should not reappear.
Q - Do SpreadRock and SpreadStone add slip-resistance?
Yes. With their variable texture you can control the level of slip resistance through your method of application to make surfaces safer to walk on - even when wet. For this reason, it is especially well suited for pool decks and steps. For ultimate slip-resistance, after normal application, a final 'pepper-spray' coat of either product can be applied using a hopper-pistol unit.
Q - Where can SpreadRock and SpreadStone be used?
Both products are tough, beautiful, flexible, water-resistant stone coatings which are perfect for many areas. Exterior: porches, steps, walkways, foundation walls, pool decks, patios, cement curbs and garage floors. Interior: basements, kitchen and bathroom floors, shower areas, countertops, walls, commercial areas and more.
Q - What EXTERIOR surfaces can they be applied to?
They can be applied to concrete, cement board, masonry, brick,stone, wood and non-glossy ceramic tile (when in doubt ask your dealer). Joints in wood surfaces must be free from any movement (see full install guide for specific wood preparation advice). Expansion cuts in concrete must be left exposed to do their work properly and guard against unsightly cracking. **For outdoor jobs, the basic rule is to always apply to a porous or finely textured surface to which the product can 'grab' firmly.
Q - What INTERIOR surfaces can they be applied to?
All the above plus laminates, vinyl, linoleum, drywall, ceramic tile. Consult with your dealer for specific preparation advice with these surfaces.
Q - What exterior application surfaces should I avoid?
For exterior surfaces especially floors which will be subject to load-bearing duty as well as weather extremes, generally avoid surfaces which are very smooth, non-porous and synthetic in nature. These may include new pressure treated wood, rubber, metal, plastic and fiberglass.
Q - How long do they take to apply?
Most installations are completed in two days. On the first day the surface is cleaned and primed, followed by installation of your preferred DAICH coating. If you choose to install a second thin coat of SpreadRock, primer is not required again. The next SpreadRock coat is usually applied several hours after the first coat on the same day. Twenty four hours after SpreadRock or SpreadStone are applied to your liking, the surface is sealed and the job is done. **For exterior applications, or higher traffic interior floors we suggest a second coat of sealer 24 hours later.
Q - Whats the most important installation rule?
CLEAN THE SURFACE THOROUGHLY BEFORE APPLICATION OF ANY DAICH COATING. This will help ensure firm anchoring into the surface and encourage long-term performance. For cleaning exterior concrete, power washing is very strongly recommended. If this is not possible, then a good acid etch and gentle rinse followed by scrubbing with a strong TSP solution (to further remove dirt and neutralize remaining acid residue) is the next best cleaning method. With washing complete, all wash water, powdery etching residue and other debris must be thoroughly rinsed and/or wet-vacuumed from the surface. For optimum bond, the surface should be free from dust, dirt, loose flaking, oils, poorly bonded or glossy paint, glue, surface sealers, efflorescence and other contaminates. This rule is especially true with areas that will be exposed to exterior conditions like rain, snow, UV light and freeze/thaw conditions.
Q - What should I do before I start?
Review the SpreadRock or SpreadStone instruction video and read all literature specific to your type of installation. Your dealer can help you with this, or you can view and download the video and full instructions found on DAICH website. The video shows basic cleaning techniques, as well as application methods, which should make your experience much easier. They can be located here.
Q - How are they applied?
SpreadRock and SpreadStone are generally applied using a straight edged steel trowel. Primers and sealers are applied witha brush and/or roller. The included plastic smoother is for removing imperfections only and is not intended for use as an applicator. (Depending on the product, other application tools can be used as well. See product-specific instructions).
Q - How much area will one gallon cover?
One gallon of SpreadRock covers approximately 33 sq. ft. (based on one uniform coat at 1/16" thickness over a smooth surface). A second thin coat of SpreadRock should use about 50% more material. A gallon of SpreadStone applied with texture generally covers about 45 sq.ft. Smooth, skim coats of SpreadStone usually do about 80 sq.ft. Coverage will also vary from user to user depending on application technique.
Q - How much area will the Primer and Sealers cover?
One quart of primer will cover approximately 40 sq. ft. Typically,for every gallon of SpreadRock sold, you will need one quart ofprimer, or for every 18.9 litre pail of SpreadRock, you will needone 3.78 litre can of primer. Sealer covers 100 sq. ft. per bottle(based on two coats 48 hours apart). High Build Clear averages 100 sq.ft. per gallon with one generous coat.
Q - When doing patterns, do SpreadRock and SpreadStone have to be
wet when the DAICH stencil tape is peeled up?
The tape can be peeled up when the coatings are either wet ordry, but is usually peeled when the surface is dry to avoid damaging the finish before it has set up. We recommend peeling up stencils after 24 hours to leave a clean, even grout line, followed by sweeping of surface debris before the final surface-hardeningsealer coat is applied.
Q - Can I fill deep holes and surface pitting?
No. SpreadRock and SpreadStone are meant to be used as adurable 'top coatings' applied at about 1/16" thickness (or up to1/8" with two coats). It is not a structural repair product. Covering rough, pitted areas will increase drying time and severely reduce overall coverage rates, resulting in significantly higher project cost. Surface repairs should be performed correctly (and more economically) with a suitable cement patch material. Once repairs have been completed, and have cured fully, your unsightly repairs can be hidden and protected from salt, water, freeze/thaw, etc. with your preferred DAICH coating.
Q - How do I clean my DAICH textured finish?
Both surfaces can be cleaned with a damp mop or, for ground in or more extensive dirt, a garden hose and deck brush. Power washers are also effective. If necessary, a little dish soap or TSP(trisodium phosphate) and water can also be used. For removing dirty wash water where there is inadequate drainage or to 'pullup' embedded dirt from between SpreadRock's stone texture, a wet vac can also be extremely effective.
Q - Can the Primer be tinted?
Yes. Primer can be tinted to a wide range of colors by your dealer in the same manner as SpreadStone or paint. Tinting of Primer is commonly used for tile and flagstone effects where primer is left exposed to look like colored grout. **NOTE: Since Primer is not actually paint, it might not be tinted to perfectly match specific paint swatches.
Q - Should I stir the coatings before use?
DAICH Primer, SpreadRock and SpreadStone must be stirred before use. For easiest mixing, we recommend you use a drill-bit mixer. SpreadRock must be stirred with a drill-bit mixer for best results. A paint shaker is not adequate.
Q - Can DAICH Sealer products go on other surfaces?
Yes. DAICH Sealer and High-Build Clear are also very effective on concrete, brick and paving stones.
Q - Is curing time always 24 hours?
No. Curing time of 24 hours is based on dry, relatively warm conditions (55ºF minimum). In damp weather or in cooler conditions in early spring or between September and November, curing times should be extended (48 to 72 hours for full cure) to ensure that all moisture has evaporated from the installed coating before sealer is applied. Cure times should also be extended for applications on noticeably cold concrete (eg. garage floors) and in coolor damp interior areas or where there is little air circulation (eg.cellars, cold rooms, shower stalls).
Q - How are DAICH Sealer and High-Build Clear different?
DAICH Sealer is an acrylic formulation primarily used outdoors to provide a satin, protective finish coat over DAICH floor coatings,as well as concrete and pavers. Its thinner composition seals the substrate without reducing foot traction on outdoor walking surfaces. Two coats (24 hours apart) are recommended. High-Build Clear is a thick 'high-building' acrylic/urethane clear coat used primarily for interior floors, garage floors, counter-tops and wood decks. It fills fine surface texture to provide greater repellency to dirt and water, allowing for easy conventional interior cleaning methods. High-Build Clear is also recommended for use on some exterior surfaces which may be more susceptible to accumulation of water, dirt and other debris.